Crafting Clear and Informative Commit Messages for Git


In the world of software development, effective communication is paramount. One of the most crucial aspects of collaborating on a project with version control systems like Git is writing clear and informative commit messages. A well-crafted commit message not only helps you keep track of changes but also aids your team members and future developers in understanding the purpose and context of each commit. In this post, we’ll delve into the art of writing good commit messages and provide valuable resources to enhance your skills.

Why Good Commit Messages Matter

Clear commit messages serve several purposes:

  1. Understanding History: They provide insights into the history of the project, allowing developers to understand why certain changes were made.

  2. Team Collaboration: Well-written messages facilitate collaboration among team members by making it easier to track changes and discuss modifications.

  3. Code Maintenance: They assist in maintaining the codebase by providing context for future maintenance tasks and debugging.

Tips for Writing Good Commit Messages

  1. Be Descriptive: Clearly describe the changes introduced by the commit. Use concise language while conveying the essence of the modifications.

  2. Provide Context: Explain the reason behind the changes. Include relevant information such as bug numbers, user stories, or references to discussions.

  3. Use Imperative Mood: Start the message with an imperative verb, such as “Add,” “Fix,” “Update,” or “Remove,” to clearly indicate the action performed by the commit.

  4. Keep It Short: Aim for a succinct message while ensuring it contains enough information to understand the purpose of the commit. Avoid excessively long messages.

  5. Separate Subject and Body: If necessary, provide additional details in the commit message body after a blank line following the subject line. Use this section for more extensive explanations.

  6. Follow Conventions: Adhere to any existing conventions or guidelines established by your team or project. Consistency in formatting and style enhances readability.


  1. The Art of the Commit: This blog post by Chris Beams provides a comprehensive guide to writing good commit messages. It covers various aspects, including why good commit messages matter and practical tips for crafting effective messages. Link

  2. How to Write a Git Commit Message: The Atlassian Git tutorial offers practical advice on writing clear and concise commit messages. It includes examples and best practices to help developers improve their commit message skills. Link

  3. Conventional Commits: Conventional Commits is a specification for writing structured commit messages. It defines a set of rules for formatting commit messages, making them more readable and enabling automated processing. Link

  4. Commitizen: Commitizen is a command-line tool that helps developers write standardized commit messages. It guides users through the process of creating commits following the Conventional Commits specification. Link

By mastering the art of writing good commit messages and utilizing the available resources, you can enhance collaboration, improve code maintainability, and contribute to a more efficient development process. Remember, clear communication through commit messages is an essential skill for every developer working with Git.